Modern approaches to the treatment of alcoholism are based on promising scientific research evidence. The main outline is the recommendations developed by the World Health Organization based on the analysis of various clinical cases and summarizing a large amount of data. Modern scientific research, medical use of a drug is unthinkable without certain criteria of evidence-based medicine. Evidence-based medicine criteria include a double-blind study – when the researcher does not know which drug he is prescribing or prescribes a placebo (dummy).
In this way, an independent assessment of the study results can be achieved, and it is established whether the treatment has achieved an effect. Another way of research is the correct statistical processing of the results when we can say for sure that a particular drug has changed the clinic of alcoholic illness in the direction of its relief. It is important that another researcher, after reading a scientific report, could repeat it in his clinic and get a similar result. Thus, as a rule, generalized, multicentric research results are applied when trials of a drug, method, or treatment method are carried out in several independent clinics.
Stages of alcoholism treatment
Treatment of alcohol dependence can be divided into 3 stages:
First. Treatment of severe alcohol intoxication – when a person is poisoned with large doses of alcohol, his helplessness can bring harm or even death. In other words, this is the treatment of alcohol withdrawal syndrome (hangover) and the actual alcoholic illness, dependence syndrome, due to which a person, perfectly aware of the harm that alcohol does to him, suffering from a state of intoxication, cannot get rid of it. Everyone knows that uncomplicated intoxication usually occurs when a person drinks alcohol at home, sometimes he can “go over” this condition does not require medical intervention. The person slept; the next morning, he experiences only weakness, discomfort.
If he does not suffer from alcohol dependence, it passes very quickly; the body returns to normal. Here we can already talk about alcoholic stunning and even about an alcoholic coma. In such a situation, a person needs resuscitation help. Typically, if left helpless, he may die. For the treatment of alcohol intoxication, the usual means of detoxification, forced diuresis, are used. Along with diuretics, a plasma-replacing solution is administered to the patient. Due to increased urination, the body is detoxified. Gastric lavage is used to remove residual alcohol. These funds stimulate the heart and respiratory system. These measures can be carried out in a special medical institution, and save a person.
Second. Treatment of alcohol withdrawal symptoms is a very important and very interesting stage. If a person suffers from alcohol addiction, one of the main criteria is a hangover. A person takes alcohol; then, he cannot control the amount of alcohol consumed; as a rule, he feels bad in the morning, and if he does not drink a dose, he becomes worse and worse. Some will undertake detox and rehabilitation in an in-patient setting, with professional help, e.g. https://www.abbeycarefoundation.com/alcohol-rehab/ offer a residential treatment programme and therapeutic intervention.
In this case, using alcoholic beverages makes it easier for a person for a while, but then the weakening of the body returns, and he has to drink again; this happens from day to day. Toxic damage to the body is growing, and a person does not fulfill his professional and social functions, cannot serve himself; he is forced to seek drug treatment to stop these conditions.